- Three habits of successful policy entrepreneurs
- How do we get governments to make better decisions?
- Why advocacy coalitions matter and how to think about them
- How can governments better collaborate to address complex problems?
- Telling stories that shape public policy
- How to navigate complex policy designs
- Three ways to encourage policy learning
- How to design ‘maps’ for policymakers relying on their ‘internal compass’
Policy influence is impossible to find if you don’t know where to look. Policies theories can help you look in the right places, but they take time to understand.
It’s not realistic to expect people with their own day jobs – such as scientists producing policy-relevant knowledge in other fields – to take the time to use the insights it takes my colleagues a full-time career to appreciate.
So, we need a way to explain those insights in a way that people can pick up and use when they engage in the policy process for the first time. That’s why Chris Weible and I asked a group of policy theory experts to describe the ‘state of the art’ in their field and the practical lessons that they offer.
None of these abstract theories provide a ‘blueprint’ for action (they were designed primarily to examine the policy process scientifically). Instead, they offer one simple insight: you’ll save a lot of energy if you engage with the policy process that exists, not the one you want to see.
Then, they describe variations on the same themes, including:
- There are profound limits to the power of individual policymakers: they can only process so much information, have to ignore almost all issues, and therefore tend to share policymaking with many other actors.
- You can increase your chances of success if you work with that insight: identify the right policymakers, the ‘venues’ in which they operate, and the ‘rules of the game’ in each venue; build networks and form coalitions to engage in those venues; shape agendas by framing problems and telling good stories, design politically feasible solutions, and learn how to exploit ‘windows of opportunity’ for their selection.
Our next presentation is at the ECPR in Oslo: